Tag Archives: adaption


The Rising Waters Confab Report / Visual Book is complete.  Click here for the document.


Rising Waters Confab Report

2 Participants
3 Introducing the Rising Waters Confab | Buster Simpson
4 Captiva’s Outlook | Leonard Berry
5 In the Dry Morning | Gretel Ehrlich
8 How the Arctic Drives the Climate of the Temperate World | Gretel Ehrlich
11 What Happened 120,000 Years Ago Could Repeat | John Englander
12 Surging Seas | Climate Central
14 We Have Time to Adapt, but No Time to Waste | John Englander
16 Digging for Water | Glenn Weiss
18 Is it Fair? | Thomas Ruppert
19 How to Talk About the Climate | Florida Sea Grant College Program
21 Week Two | Jeremy Pickard
22 Climate Change Is Gradual | June Wilson
24 Commons at Ground Level | Anne Focke
27 Commons Reader | Anne Focke
28 Rising Waters Blog | Anne Focke
30 Who Should be Our Allies? | Orion Cruz
32 Agitprop at Rally | Buster Simpson and Edward Morris
33 Statues of Brave Heroes of Climate Change Skepticism | Lewis Hyde
34 Drowning Man Festival | Lewis Hyde with Others
36 5 Actions to Stop Rising Seas | Xavier Cortada
38 Captiva Island H.V.A.C. Wedge | Buster Simpson
39 Making Ice Bags to Refreeze the Glaciers | Xavier Cortada
40 Glenn Weiss, Jungle Seeds
41 Week Two | Jeremy Pickard
42 L’Arctique est Paris | All Confab Collaboration, Lead Authors Mel Chin and Gretel Ehrlich
49 Mangroves | Xavier Cortada, Walter Hood, and Buster Simpson
51 Removing Exotics | Xavier Cortada
Raked Free Zone | Buster Simpson
52 Pine Island Sound Expedition
54 Underwater Affair and Palm Column | Walter Hood
56 Hurricane Remodel…Hire an Artist | Lewis Hyde
57 The Graceful Retreat | Buster Simpson
58 National Midden Mound-ument Preserves | Buster Simpson and Andrea Polli
60 Rising Gas | Andrea Polli
62 Islands and Global Forces – Cretaceous-Tertiary Boundary | Andrea Polli and Buster Simpson
64 Voxel Frog // Mangrove | Buster Simpson
66 Limestone | David Buckland
68 Charcoal Sketch 2 for Neptune (A Play About Water) | Jeremy Pickard
72 SOS Life Float & Reliquary | Buster Simpson
74 Suggesting Palm Readings | Laura Sindell
76 Charley and Bob | Andrea Polli
78 Luxury Island and American River Archive | Edward Morris and Susannah Sayler
80 The Water Table | Jeremy Pickard
82 Pinhole Cameras | Laura Sindell
84 More Sugar, Dear? | Laura Sindell
86 Grounding Line – I’ve Seen the Water on the Wall | Lewis Hyde
87 The Manatees at Blue Springs | Lewis Hyde
88 Becoming Water | Gretel Ehrlich
89 Death and Poetry | Gretel Ehrlich
90 Fathom’s Portal | Buster Simpson
91 Stacked Chairs | June Wilson
92 Table to Deploy // The Arctic is Captiva | Buster Simpson

Planning for the Inevitable: Proposal for Restoring Wetlands at the Rauschenberg Residency


Will wetlands be able to build vertically to keep pace with increases in sea level. Scroll down to bottom of page to learn move

Rauschenberg Residency has mangroves at the edge of the shoreline– something its Captiva neighbors (especially the mansion just to the south of the property!) should emulate.  Doing so provides important habitat for marine life .  The mangroves also help address issues of erosion and provide a buffer to hurricane winds.

All that is good, but I propose that we go a step further: Let’s return a larger portion of the property to its original habitat.  Let’s reclaim it for wetlands.

The mangroves at the Rauschenberg Residency are followed by lawn and landscaped gardens as we move upland.  Returning the lawn to wetlands– specifically a mangrove forest– would be a welcome gesture to address the rising seas.  As sea levels rise, having a larger and stronger  coastal habitat will provide more resilience –and the requisite space (and time) for the forests to adapt.

Let's go (inland)  beyond the water's edge.

We have mangroves at the shoreline:  Let’s go (inland) beyond the water’s edge!


In time, residency artists can walk from house to house via decks (marked in green on drawings). As sea levels rise, the houses and decks would be further elevated.

Mangroves matter: Mangroves are important for they create the interface between land and water where marine life takes hold.  Small fish find refuge from predators in their intricate roots, which also serve to protect the shoreline from erosion during hurricanes. (http://www.reclamationproject.net/?M_index)

Prelimanary sketches to the RRr


Let’s include a channel (into the grand lawn) to facilitate tidal flow. As it is the area is already prone to flooding,

IMG_1252 IMG_1255 IMG_1256

Here’s a link to the USGS website on how wetlands will adapt to sea level rise: http://wh.er.usgs.gov/slr/coastalwetlands.html.  It addresses the issue I was presenting to the Rising Waters group about Dr. Tom Smith’s research on mangroves in the Everglades:  whether wetlands are able to build vertically to keep pace with increases in sea level.
“In marshes where soil volume decreases due to either insufficient inorganic sediment input or decreases in plant growth, the marshes are less capable of maintaining their elevation as the average water level (mean sea level) increases and consequently they become prone to deterioration.

The loss of wetland habitats and the important ecosystem functions they provide is a critical concern.  Wetlands provide critical habitat for wildlife; trap sediments, nutrients, and pollutants; cycle nutrients and minerals; buffer storm impacts on coastal environments, and exchange materials with adjacent ecosystems.  As wetland habitat is lost, there will be significant impacts to other ecosystems.  To complicate the issue, large portions of the coastal environment have been developed and management practices may affect ecosystem responses to sea-level rise as well.  This will exacerbate the vulnerability and impacts to plant and animal species in coastal regions.  Of particular concern are the impacts to environments such as wetlands that are critical to support migratory bird populations and fisheries.

Understanding whether or not marsh systems can tolerate higher sea level requires knowledge of whether the present–day marsh surface is able to maintain elevation with respect to SLR.  To monitor marsh surface elevation trends, USGS scientists have developed tools to measure changes in surface elevation in marshes (Fig CW2, http://www.pwrc.usgs.gov/set/).”

Below is a link to the Reclamation Project installation we did up the coast in Pinellas County.  I am creating a similar temporary installation on the glass door in the studio.

Coastal Reforestation:

On November 18, 2008, Cortada joined USGS‘s Dr. Tom Smith and the Shorecrest Prep students in dedicating the mangrove “re-permnanent” installation he created at the Florida Botanical Gardens.

The eco-art installation, commissioned by Pinellas County Public Art and Design Program, features one-hundred fifty red mangrove seedlings in clear water-filled cups.  In September 2008, Dr. Smith led the Shorecrest Preparatory School students in collecting the mangrove propagules from Weedon Island Nature Preserve.  In 2009, students will plant this installation’s seedlings on Tampa Bay and replace them with a new batch.

Dr. Tom Smith, a scientist based at the U.S. Geological Service in St. Petersburg, FL, is internationally recognized as an expert on coastal ecosystems in general and mangroves in particular.  He has worked in forests in Florida, the Virgin Islands, Belize, Australia, Papua New Guinea, and elsewhere throughout Asia and the Pacific.  His research is aimed at understanding disturbance, both natural and man-made, and recovery in these important forests and especially at how to restore them.

Hashima Island – Another seawalled place

Hashima, 1930

Hashima, 1930

Mitsubishi took control of the Hashima Island in 1890 after its first inhabitation 3 years earlier, and began its relentless coal mining operation which lasted well beyond two world wars, and almost a century of memories before suddenly fading into history in 1974. Coal mining was slowing down rapidly in the 1960s due to the surge of popular petroleum and thus the island’s destiny was decided in ‘74 when Mitsubishi announced the closure of operation

Hashima Island is the second most visited site in Nagasaki after the Atomic museum.  Google sent its street view team to document the place.  http://www.hashima-island.co.uk

Hashima Island

Hashima Island


Hashima Island


Hashima Island


hashima tripRead the 313 reviews from Trip Advisor.